Life+ and Natura 2000

 

LIFE+ is the EU’s financial instrument supporting environmental and nature conservation projects throughout the EU. The main objective is to provide specific support, at Community level, to the measures and projects with European added value for the implementation, updating and development of policy and Community legislation on the environment. The program is divided into the following three thematic components:

1)    Life Plus “Nature and Biodiversity”: Main objective: protect, conserve, restore, monitor and facilitate the functioning of natural systems, natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora, in order to halt the loss of biodiversity, including diversity of genetic resources, inside the EU. The projects are divided into two categories: "Life nature" and "Life Biodiversity".

2)    Life Plus “Environment Policy and Governance”: Main objectives: implement, update and develop the Community environmental policy and legislation; bridge the gap between research and implementation on a large scale and promote innovative solutions.

3)    Life Plus “Information and Communication”: Main objective: disseminate information and raise awareness on environmental issues, including the prevention of forest fires; provide support for accompanying measures, such as actions and information campaigns and communication, conferences and training, including training on forest fire prevention.


Natura 2000 is an EU wide network of nature protection areas established under the 1992 Habitats Directive. The aim of the network is to assure the long-term survival of Europe's most valuable and threatened species and habitats. Natura 2000 is the centrepiece of EU nature & biodiversity policy. It is an EUwide network of nature protection areas established under the 1992 Habitats Directive. The aim of the network is to assure the long-term survival of Europe's most valuable and threatened species and habitats. It is comprised of Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) designated by Member States under the Habitats Directive, and also incorporates Special Protection Areas (SPAs) which they designate under the 1979 Birds Directive. Natura 2000 is not a system of strict nature reserves where all human activities are excluded. Whereas the network will certainly include nature reserves most of the land is likely to continue to be privately owned and the emphasis will be on ensuring that future management is sustainable, both ecologically and economically.The establishment of theis network of protected areas also fulfils a Community obligation under the UN Convention on Biological Diversity.